Информация по реабилитации инвалида-колясочника, спинальника и др.
Информация по реабилитации инвалида - колясочника, спинальника и др.
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Информация по реабилитации инвалида-колясочника, спинальника и др.
Rambler's Top100

IV. Implementation checklists

1. Obstructions

Possible solutions
Can all protruding objects within the path of travel be detected by a sightless person with a cane? *Remove or block out protruding parts.
*Place tactile markings in an area extending at least 0.60 m beyond the projection area of the obstruction.
*Are all overhanging obstructions mounted at a minimum height of 2.00 m (1.95 m)? *Construct a raised platform 0.10m high around the obstacle.
*Place an object, easily detectable with a cane, on the ground or floor beneath low-mounted overhanging obstructions.
*Can all obstacles within the path of travel be easily identified by a person with partial sight? *Mark obstructions at eye level with contrasting colour marking strips at least 0.30 m long in a contrasting colour.

2. Signage

Possible solutions
*Are accessible spaces identified by the international symbol of accessibility? *Mark accessible spaces with the international symbol of accessibility.
*Are there directional signs indicating the location of accessible facilities? *Provide directional signs.
*Are maps, information panels and wall-mounted signs placed at a height between 0.90 m and 1.80 m.? *Adjust the height of signs mounted too high or too low.
*Are signs clear, simple and easy to read? *Colour engraved texts.
*Replace sign.
*Is the colour of signs clearly distinguishable? *Use contrasting colours.
*Is the surface of the sign processed so as to prevent glare? *Provide a non-gloss surface.
*Is the sign supplement by a text in embossed letters or in Braille available next to information signs? *Add a text in embossed letters or in Braille.
*Is the lettering size proportional to the reading distance? *Change the lettering size.

3. Street furniture

Possible solutions
*Does the location of street furniture obstruct the free passage of pedestrians? *Change the location of street furniture.
*Mark the location of street furniture with tactile marking.
Resting facilities
*Are resting facilities provided at regular intervals?

*Provide seating facilities at regular intervals between 100.00 m and 200.00m.
*Is there an adjoining space for a wheelchair next to benches and public seats? *Rearrange the layout of seats to allow an adjoining space of at least 1.20 m.
*Are public seats between 0.45 m and 0.50 m high?
*Are the tops of tables between 0.75 m and 0.90 m high?
*Are knee spaces at accessible tables at least 0.70 m high, 0.85 m wide and 0.60 m deep?
*Modify or replace seats and tables that are too low or too high.
Public telephones
*Is there at least one telephone accessible to a wheelchair user?

*Enlarge or adjust one telephone booth.
*Is there at least one telephone equipped with hearing aids? *Install volume controls and induction loops.
*Are the numerals on the telepone raised to allow identification by touch? *Install push-buttons with raised numerals.
*Is the coin slot mounted at a maximum height of 1.20 m (1.40 m)? *Reduce the mounting height.
*Are accessible facilities identified? *Add signage.
*Are mail box slots mounted at a maximum height of 1.20 m (1.40 m)?

*Modify the height of the letter slot.


Water fountains
*Are water fountain spouts mounted at an approximate height of 0.90 m?
*Are controls easy to operate with one closed fist?

*Modify the height of high drinking fountains.
*Install a double-tiered fountain.
*Replace controls.

4. Pathways

Possible solutions
*Is the pathway clear of obstructions? *Remove or relocate obstructions.
*Mark obstructions with tactile marking.
*Is the path of travel free of steps or stairs? *Provide an alternative accessible pathway.
*Construct a ramp.
*Is the path of travel easy to detect? *Continue natural guide lines.
*Construct guide strips.
*Provide a tactile marking area of at leat 0.90 m x 0.90 m at changes in the pathway direction
*Construct tactile marking to indicate the location of curb ramps, stairs, ramps and obstructions.
*Is the pathway at least 0.90 m wide? *Widen the pathway.
*Remove obstructions and landscape features that limit the pathway width.
*Is the surface, level, smooth and non-slip? *Does the pathway have a different colour and texture than the adjacent surfaces? *Replace gravel paths with a surface of uniform texture.
*Repair holes and uneven paving.
*Apply textured rubber stick - on tiles to slippery paving.
*Are manholes placed outside the pedestrian path of travel?
*Is grating flush with the surface of the pathway?
*Are the grating openings narrow, not more than 13 mm?
*Relocate grating outside the path of travel.

*Make grating flush with the pathway surface.
*Replace gratings with wide opening patterns.

*Are the edges of raised pathways protected?
*Are there barriers separating the pathway from planting areas, pools and other landscape features?
*Construct guards with a minimum height of 0.15 m.
*Are the plant varieties used obstructive to the pathway?
*Are the plant varieties used harmful?
*Are the plant varieties used harmful to the surface of the pathway?
*Replace plant varieties.
*Relocate plant varieties.
*Clean pathway surface constantly.
*Erect warning signs.

5. Curb ramps

Possible solutions
*Are curb ramps provided to overcome differences in level between the road surface and pathway level at:
  * Pedestrian crossings?
  * Drop-off zones?
  * Accessible parking spaces?
  * Building entrances?
*Install curb ramps.
*Slope narrow pavements to street level.
*Are curb ramps located at each corner of each street intersection?
*Is every curb ramp faced by another curb ramp on the opposite side of the street?
*Install curb ramps.
*Are curb ramps easy to identify? *Apply a coloured texture to the surface of the curb ramp.
*Construct guide lines to direct pedestrians to the location of curb ramps.
*Are curb ramps placed outside the usual line of pedestrian flow? *Widen pathway.
*Add a small built-up curb ramp.
*Is the maximum slope of a curb ramp 1:12 (1:10)? *Redesign or replace steep, unsafe curb ramps.

6. Pedestrian crossings

Possible solutions
*Is the road surface even and slip-resistant at pedestrian crossings? *Add a slip-resistant surface.
*Is the road surface at pedestrian crossings easy to identify? *Mark the pedestrian crossing area on the road surface with coloured stripes.
*Are pedestrian traffic lights installed? *Install traffic lights.
*Do traffic lights have both audible and visual signals? *Provide both audible and visual traffic light signals.
*Is the minimum time interval for crossing adapted to the slowest person? *Delay the crossing time interval.
*Are push-buttons located at a maximum height of 1.20 m? *Install push-buttons at a maximum height of 1.20 m.
*Do traffic islands have street-level pathways cut through them?
*Is the minimum width of the cut 1.50 m?
*Cut a level area, at least 1.50 m wide through traffic islands.

7. Parking

Possible solutions
*Are there accessible parking facilities?
*Is the number of accessible parking spaces sufficient?
*Are the designated spaces wide enough?
*Re-strip to obtain the required number of spaces.
*Combine two parking spaces to obtain one accessible space.
*Combine three parking spaces to obtain two accessible spaces.
*Are accessible indoor parking spaces located closest to accessible elevators or lifts? *Locate accessible parking spaces close to accessible elevators.
*Are accessible parking spaces within 50.00 m of building entrances? *Construct accessible parking spaces close to the accessible entrance.
*Provide a drop-off zone near the accessible entrance.
*Is the minimum height clearance in indoor parking 2.40 m? *Modify the parking slab height.
*Provide alternate outdoor provisions for disabled peoples' vans.
*Do curb ramps connect accessible parking spaces with side curbs? *Construct curb ramps.
*If there is no curbs, can the parking space be differentiated from the pedestrian path? *Provide a tactile marking at least 0.60 m wide to separate the pathway from the vehicular area.
*Use pre-cast wheel stops.
*Use bollards.
*Are accessible parking spaces marked by the international symbol of accessibility?
*Are there enforcement procedures to ensure that accessible parking spaces are not misused or used by non-disabled people?
*Add signage.
*Is there a 3.60 m wide drop-off area within 30.00 m of the accessible entrance? *Provide a drop-off area.
*If the drop-off area has a curb, is there a curb ramp leading to the pathway? *Provide a curb-ramp.
*If the drop-off area has no curb, is there a warning to sightless people? *Provide a tactile marking at least 0.60 m wide to separate the pathway from the vehicular area.
*Use pre-cast wheel stops.
*Use bollards.
*Is the drop-off area marked by signage? *Add signage.
*Is there an accessible path of travel from the drop-off area to the main entrance? *Provide an accessible route.
*Use another entrance, accessible from the drop-off area.

8. Ramps

Possible solutions
*Is there a complementary ramped route next to stairs or steps? *Construct a ramp.
*Is the ramp slope no greater than 1:20?
*Do steeper ramps comply with requirements?
*Redesign or relocate ramp.
*Lengthen ramp to reduce slope.
*Is there a landing of at least 1.20 m length, at 10.00 m intervals, at every change in direction and at the top and bottom of every ramp? *Remodel or relocate the ramp.
*Are ramps with a rise of 0.45 m or more protected on both sides? *Add railings.
*Are wide ramps (more than 3.00 m) provided with an intermediate handrail? *Add an intermediate handrail where necessary.
*Is the width of the ramp at least 0.90 m? *Widen the ramp.
*Is the surface of ramps non-slip? *Add non-slip surface material.
*Is the ramp surface clear of obstructions? *Remove obstructions.
*Is the location of the ramp clearly identifiable *Construct coloured tactile marking strips at least 0.60 m wide at the top and bottom of the landing and at every change of direction.

9. Elevators

Possible solutions
*Is there an accessible path leading to the elevator?
*Are all levels generally used by the public accessible?
*Add a ramp or a platform lift if stairs exist.
*Are the minimum internal dimensions of a residential elevator cab no less than 1.00 m x 1.30 m. (0.95 m x 1.25 m)? *Enlarge the elevator dimensions.
*Install a new cab.
*Is the clear door opening no less than 0.80 m (0.75 m)? *Enlarge the door opening.
*Install new doors.
*Is the elevator cab provided with handrails on three sides? *Install handrails.
*Are the handrails mounted at a height between 0.80 m and 0.85 m? *Modify height of handrails.
*Is the maximum tolerance for stop precision 20 mm? *Adjust the stop precision.
*Is the control panel mounted at a height between 0.90 m and 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? *Modify the height of control panels.
*Are control buttons large and provided with embossed numerals? *Change control panel.
*Install tactile or Braille numerals next to buttons.
*Are lobby call buttons placed at a height between 0.90 m and 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? *Adjust the position of call buttons.
*Is the elevator provided with audible and visual warning signals indicating arrival at a floor? *Add bells and flashing light signals.
*Is the finish of the elevator cab non skid-resistant? *Change finish.
*Is the elevator door easy to identify? *Change the colour of the elevator door frame.
*Is the emergency intercom usable without voice communication? *Replace the communication system.
*Are there tactile or Braille instructions for the communication system? *Add simple tactile instructions.
*Is the door opening/closing interval long enough? *Install devices to delay the motion of the door.
*Is there a sign on the jamb of the elevator door identifying the floor number in raised or Braille letters? *Install tactile signs at an approximate height of 1.40 m from the floor to identify the floor number.

10. Platform lifts

Possible solutions
*Can the lift be used without assistance? *Post clear instructions for use of the lift at each stopping level.
*Provide a call button.
*When vertical movement platform lifts are installed, is the maximum level change 2.50 m? *Replace the special platform lift with an elevator.
*Is the lift placed within a closed structure for level changes of 1.20 m or more? *Place the lift within an enclosed structure.
*Where inclined movement platform lifts are installed, is the minimum width of the stairs 0.90 m? *Widen the stairs.
*Is the minimum lift size 0.90 m x 1.20 m? *Replace the lift.
*Are controls placed at a height not exceeding 1.20 m (1.40 m)? *Lower the controls.

11. Stairs

Possible solutions
*Is the minimum width of the stairs 0.90 m? *Widen the stairs.
*Is an intermediate handrail installed for stairs 3.00 m wide or more? *Install an intermediate handrail, where necessary.
*Is there an intermediate landing with a length no less than 1.20 m, when the stairs cover a difference in level of more than 2.50 m? *Remodel the stairs.
*Is the landing length at the top and at bottom of the stairs no less than 1.20 m? *Enlarge the landing space.
*Do stairs have flush or rounded nosing? *Remodel nosing.
*Add slip-resistant strips to nosing.
*Do treads have a non-slip surface? *Change finish material.
*Is the location of the stairs clearly identifiable? *Construct coloured tactile marking strips at least 0.60 m wide, at the top and bottom of the stairs and intermediate landings of each stairs.
*Identify emergency stairs with signage.

12. Railings and handrails

Possible solutions
*Are safety guards or railings installed around all hazardous areas and raised platforms more than 0.40 m high? *Install safety guards or railings.
*Is the spacing between the vertical and horizontal elements of railing around dangerous areas narrow? *Are handrails mounted at a height between 0.85 m and 0.90 m? *Change railings.
*Are handrails easy to grip? *Change handrails.
*Are railings securely attached? *Reinforce the fixtures.
*Do handrails extend horizontally between 0.30 m and 0.45 m at the top and bottom of every staircase or ramp? *Add or replace railings.
*Are handrails continuous throughout the full length of ramps and stairs?
*Are handrails continuous throughout the landing of ramps and stairs except when interrupted by doorways?
*Continue or replace handrails.
*Are low positioned windows at landings protected by railings? *Install railings.
*Is the space between the handrail and the wall no less than 40 mm for smooth walls, and 60 mm for rough textured walls?
*For fully recessed handrails, is the distance between the top of the rail and the top of the recess no less than 0.15 m?
*Adjust the location of the handrail.
*Are handrails easy to identify? *Paint the handrail in a contrasting colour.
*Provide a tactile strip indication for emergency stairs.

13. Entrances

Possible solutions
*Are the primary entrances to buildings accessible? *Redesign the entrance so that it will be accessible.
*Is the approach to the entrance free of stairs and steps? *Construct a ramp.
*In multi-storey buildings, does the accessible entrance permit access to a conveniently located elevator? *Provide an accessible route.
*Is the accessible entrance clearly identifiable? *Add the international symbol of accessibility.
*Paint the entrance door with a colour that will contrast with the surrounding surface.
*Are the entrance landing dimensions sufficient? *Enlarge the landing area.
*Is the landing surface level and non-slippery? *Add a slip-resistant finish.
*Can entrance doors operate independently? *Install a lighter door.
*Change the door opening mechanism.
*Is the clear door width at least 0.90 m? *Enlarge the door opening.
*Install automatic sliding doors.
*Use swing clear hinge doors.

14. Vestibules

Possible solutions
*Is there enough space to maneuver between two sets of doors? *Enlarge the vestibule space.
*Install automatic sliding doors. n Install double-swinging doors.
*Remove the inside or second set of doors.
*Change the direction of the swing of the door.

15. Doors

Possible solutions
*Can doors be opened without much effort? *Install lighter doors.
*Install power-assisted door openers.
*Do automatic doors have a sufficiently long opening interval? *Adjust the opening interval.
*Are push-buttons for automatic doors located at a maximum height of 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? *Lower the height of buttons.
*Is there sufficient space beside the latch side of the door? *Move the door.
*Move or remove obstructing partitioning.
*Are accessible doors placed adjacent to revolving doors and turnstiles? *Install adjacent sliding or pivoting doors.
*Are glazed doors marked with a coloured band at eye level? *Add a coloured band.
*Is the clear width of straight access interior doors at least 0.75 m?
*Is the minimum clear width of interior doors at least 0.80 m?
*For double leaf doors, is the width of one of the leaves at least 0.80 m?
*Enlarge door opening.
*Install offset or swing clear hinges.
*Do door handles have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand? *Install lever-type handles easy to operate with a closed fist.
*Install power-assisted door openers.
*Do bathrooms doors and doors fitted with spring closers have an extra pull handle? *Install an extra pull handle.
*Is manual door hardware (handles, locks, pulls, etc.) located no higher than 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? *Adjust the height of the door hardware.
*Are door mats flush with the floor surface and secured to the floor at all edges? *Replace or remove mats.
*Secure mats at edges.
*Is the threshold no more than 20 mm high and beveled? *Remove high thresholds.
*Bevel both sides.

16. Corridors

Possible solutions
*Is the minimum unobstructed width of low traffic corridors no less than 0.90 m?
*Is the unobstructed width of a public corridor no less than 1.50 m?
*Widen the corridor.
*Locate passing areas at frequent intervals.
*Does the corridor width allow maneuvring through doors located along its length? *Change the direction of the door swing.
*Widen the corridor.
*Remove door if possible.
*Are differences in level bridged by ramps or lifts? *Install a lift.
*Construct a ramp.

17. Rest rooms

Possible solutions
Public rest rooms
*Is there at least one unisex rest room accessible to a wheelchair user?

*Reconfigure rest rooms.
*Combine two water-closet stalls to create one unisex accessible rest room.
*Widen toilet stalls by moving one of the side partitions and/or installing outward-swinging door.
*Is the accessible rest room identified by a sign? *Place the international symbol of accessibility.
Residential rest rooms
*Is there sufficient space inside the rest room to maneuver a wheelchair?

*Enlarge rest room space.
*Is there at least one accessible shower and/or bath-tub? *Reconfigure shower stalls.
*Enlarge rest room.
*Use the tiled floor area inside the rest room as a shower space.
*Are water-closets and bidets mounted at a height between 0.45 m and 0.50 m?

*Adjust the height of wall mounted fixtures.
*Replace low floor mounted fixtures.
*Is the distance between the toilet seat and the closest adjacent wall fitted with a grab bar between 0.45 and 0.50 m? *Adjust the location of fixtures.
*Install floor-mounted grab bars.
*Is the accessible wash-basin mounted at a height between 0.80 m and 0.85 m? *Adjust the height of wall-mounted fixtures.
*Replace floor-mounted fixtures.
*Are the accessible shower and the bath-tub provided with folding seats ? *Install a shower seat at a height between 0.45 m and 0.50 m.
*Adjust the height of seats.
*Is the floor of the tub slip-resistant? *Change the finish material.
*Install a slip-resistant rubber mat.
*Does the shower tub have a beveled threshold not exceeding 13 mm above the finished floor?
*Is the shower tub floor no lower than 20 m below the surrounding floor area?
*Modify the shower tub.
*Are grab bars installed in water closets, bath tubs and showers at a height between 0.85 m and 0.95 m?
*Do grab bars have a diameter between 30 mm and 40 mm?
*Do wall mounted grab bars have a clearance between 35 mm and 40 mm?
*Install grab bars.
*Adjust mounting height.
*Are grab bars non slip? *Replace grab bars.
*Add a knurled slip-resistant surface.
*Can grab bars withstand loads? *Reinforce walls on which grab bars are installed.
*Are faucets easy to grip and operate with one hand?
*Replace faucets with single lever or push-button type.
*Are telephone like shower fixtures with at least 1.50 m long hoses used in showers and bath tubs? *Replace hose.
*Are hot water pipes insulated or covered?

*Insulate or cover hot water pipes.
Accessories and controls
*Is the lower edge of mirrors positioned at a height not exceeding 1.00 m?

*Lower or tilt high mirrors.
*Install another mirror on another wall.
*Is the rest room equipped with an alarm system? *Install an alarm that can be set off by a push-button located at a maximum height of 1.20 m.
*Are flushing arrangements, dispensers and toilet paper mounted between 0.50 m and 1.20 m? *Adjust the height of too high and too low fixtures.
*Are flushing mechanisms easy to operate? *Change the flushing mechanism.
*Is the flooring material skid-proof, well drained and waterproofed?

*Change flooring material.
*Is the door opening at least 0.75 m?

*Enlarge the door opening.
*Remove doors if privacy is not diminished.
*Can doors be lockable from inside and releasable from outside under emergency situations? *Adjust door lock mechanism.
*Do pivoted doors open outward? *Change the direction of the swing of the door.



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