Информация по реабилитации инвалида-колясочника, спинальника и др.
 
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IV. Implementation checklists

1. Obstructions

Question
Possible solutions
• Can all protruding objects within the path of travel be detected by a sightless person with a cane? • Remove or block out protruding parts.
• Place tactile markings in an area extending at least 0.60 m beyond the projection area of the obstruction.
• Are all overhanging obstructions mounted at a minimum height of 2.00 m (1.95 m)? • Construct a raised platform 0.10m high around the obstacle.
• Place an object, easily detectable with a cane, on the ground or floor beneath low-mounted overhanging obstructions.
• Can all obstacles within the path of travel be easily identified by a person with partial sight? • Mark obstructions at eye level with contrasting colour marking strips at least 0.30 m long in a contrasting colour.

2. Signage

Question
Possible solutions
• Are accessible spaces identified by the international symbol of accessibility? • Mark accessible spaces with the international symbol of accessibility.
• Are there directional signs indicating the location of accessible facilities? • Provide directional signs.
• Are maps, information panels and wall-mounted signs placed at a height between 0.90 m and 1.80 m.? • Adjust the height of signs mounted too high or too low.
• Are signs clear, simple and easy to read? • Colour engraved texts.
• Replace sign.
• Is the colour of signs clearly distinguishable? • Use contrasting colours.
• Is the surface of the sign processed so as to prevent glare? • Provide a non-gloss surface.
• Is the sign supplement by a text in embossed letters or in Braille available next to information signs? • Add a text in embossed letters or in Braille.
• Is the lettering size proportional to the reading distance? • Change the lettering size.

3. Street furniture

Question
Possible solutions
• Does the location of street furniture obstruct the free passage of pedestrians? • Change the location of street furniture.
• Mark the location of street furniture with tactile marking.
Resting facilities
• Are resting facilities provided at regular intervals?

• Provide seating facilities at regular intervals between 100.00 m and 200.00m.
• Is there an adjoining space for a wheelchair next to benches and public seats? • Rearrange the layout of seats to allow an adjoining space of at least 1.20 m.
• Are public seats between 0.45 m and 0.50 m high?
• Are the tops of tables between 0.75 m and 0.90 m high?
• Are knee spaces at accessible tables at least 0.70 m high, 0.85 m wide and 0.60 m deep?
• Modify or replace seats and tables that are too low or too high.
Public telephones
• Is there at least one telephone accessible to a wheelchair user?

• Enlarge or adjust one telephone booth.
• Is there at least one telephone equipped with hearing aids? • Install volume controls and induction loops.
• Are the numerals on the telepone raised to allow identification by touch? • Install push-buttons with raised numerals.
• Is the coin slot mounted at a maximum height of 1.20 m (1.40 m)? • Reduce the mounting height.
• Are accessible facilities identified? • Add signage.
Mailboxes
• Are mail box slots mounted at a maximum height of 1.20 m (1.40 m)?

• Modify the height of the letter slot.

 

Water fountains
• Are water fountain spouts mounted at an approximate height of 0.90 m?
• Are controls easy to operate with one closed fist?

• Modify the height of high drinking fountains.
• Install a double-tiered fountain.
• Replace controls.

4. Pathways

Question
Possible solutions
• Is the pathway clear of obstructions? • Remove or relocate obstructions.
• Mark obstructions with tactile marking.
• Is the path of travel free of steps or stairs? • Provide an alternative accessible pathway.
• Construct a ramp.
• Is the path of travel easy to detect? • Continue natural guide lines.
• Construct guide strips.
• Provide a tactile marking area of at leat 0.90 m x 0.90 m at changes in the pathway direction
• Construct tactile marking to indicate the location of curb ramps, stairs, ramps and obstructions.
• Is the pathway at least 0.90 m wide? • Widen the pathway.
• Remove obstructions and landscape features that limit the pathway width.
• Is the surface, level, smooth and non-slip? • Does the pathway have a different colour and texture than the adjacent surfaces? • Replace gravel paths with a surface of uniform texture.
• Repair holes and uneven paving.
• Apply textured rubber stick - on tiles to slippery paving.
• Are manholes placed outside the pedestrian path of travel?
• Is grating flush with the surface of the pathway?
• Are the grating openings narrow, not more than 13 mm?
• Relocate grating outside the path of travel.

• Make grating flush with the pathway surface.
• Replace gratings with wide opening patterns.

• Are the edges of raised pathways protected?
• Are there barriers separating the pathway from planting areas, pools and other landscape features?
• Construct guards with a minimum height of 0.15 m.
• Are the plant varieties used obstructive to the pathway?
• Are the plant varieties used harmful?
• Are the plant varieties used harmful to the surface of the pathway?
• Replace plant varieties.
• Relocate plant varieties.
• Clean pathway surface constantly.
• Erect warning signs.

5. Curb ramps

Question
Possible solutions
• Are curb ramps provided to overcome differences in level between the road surface and pathway level at:
  * Pedestrian crossings?
  * Drop-off zones?
  * Accessible parking spaces?
  * Building entrances?
• Install curb ramps.
• Slope narrow pavements to street level.
• Are curb ramps located at each corner of each street intersection?
• Is every curb ramp faced by another curb ramp on the opposite side of the street?
• Install curb ramps.
• Are curb ramps easy to identify? • Apply a coloured texture to the surface of the curb ramp.
• Construct guide lines to direct pedestrians to the location of curb ramps.
• Are curb ramps placed outside the usual line of pedestrian flow? • Widen pathway.
• Add a small built-up curb ramp.
• Is the maximum slope of a curb ramp 1:12 (1:10)? • Redesign or replace steep, unsafe curb ramps.

6. Pedestrian crossings

Question
Possible solutions
• Is the road surface even and slip-resistant at pedestrian crossings? • Add a slip-resistant surface.
• Is the road surface at pedestrian crossings easy to identify? • Mark the pedestrian crossing area on the road surface with coloured stripes.
• Are pedestrian traffic lights installed? • Install traffic lights.
• Do traffic lights have both audible and visual signals? • Provide both audible and visual traffic light signals.
• Is the minimum time interval for crossing adapted to the slowest person? • Delay the crossing time interval.
• Are push-buttons located at a maximum height of 1.20 m? • Install push-buttons at a maximum height of 1.20 m.
• Do traffic islands have street-level pathways cut through them?
• Is the minimum width of the cut 1.50 m?
• Cut a level area, at least 1.50 m wide through traffic islands.

7. Parking

Question
Possible solutions
• Are there accessible parking facilities?
• Is the number of accessible parking spaces sufficient?
• Are the designated spaces wide enough?
• Re-strip to obtain the required number of spaces.
• Combine two parking spaces to obtain one accessible space.
• Combine three parking spaces to obtain two accessible spaces.
• Are accessible indoor parking spaces located closest to accessible elevators or lifts? • Locate accessible parking spaces close to accessible elevators.
• Are accessible parking spaces within 50.00 m of building entrances? • Construct accessible parking spaces close to the accessible entrance.
• Provide a drop-off zone near the accessible entrance.
• Is the minimum height clearance in indoor parking 2.40 m? • Modify the parking slab height.
• Provide alternate outdoor provisions for disabled peoples' vans.
• Do curb ramps connect accessible parking spaces with side curbs? • Construct curb ramps.
• If there is no curbs, can the parking space be differentiated from the pedestrian path? • Provide a tactile marking at least 0.60 m wide to separate the pathway from the vehicular area.
• Use pre-cast wheel stops.
• Use bollards.
• Are accessible parking spaces marked by the international symbol of accessibility?
• Are there enforcement procedures to ensure that accessible parking spaces are not misused or used by non-disabled people?
• Add signage.
• Is there a 3.60 m wide drop-off area within 30.00 m of the accessible entrance? • Provide a drop-off area.
• If the drop-off area has a curb, is there a curb ramp leading to the pathway? • Provide a curb-ramp.
• If the drop-off area has no curb, is there a warning to sightless people? • Provide a tactile marking at least 0.60 m wide to separate the pathway from the vehicular area.
• Use pre-cast wheel stops.
• Use bollards.
• Is the drop-off area marked by signage? • Add signage.
• Is there an accessible path of travel from the drop-off area to the main entrance? • Provide an accessible route.
• Use another entrance, accessible from the drop-off area.

8. Ramps

Question
Possible solutions
• Is there a complementary ramped route next to stairs or steps? • Construct a ramp.
• Is the ramp slope no greater than 1:20?
• Do steeper ramps comply with requirements?
• Redesign or relocate ramp.
• Lengthen ramp to reduce slope.
• Is there a landing of at least 1.20 m length, at 10.00 m intervals, at every change in direction and at the top and bottom of every ramp? • Remodel or relocate the ramp.
• Are ramps with a rise of 0.45 m or more protected on both sides? • Add railings.
• Are wide ramps (more than 3.00 m) provided with an intermediate handrail? • Add an intermediate handrail where necessary.
• Is the width of the ramp at least 0.90 m? • Widen the ramp.
• Is the surface of ramps non-slip? • Add non-slip surface material.
• Is the ramp surface clear of obstructions? • Remove obstructions.
• Is the location of the ramp clearly identifiable • Construct coloured tactile marking strips at least 0.60 m wide at the top and bottom of the landing and at every change of direction.

9. Elevators

Question
Possible solutions
• Is there an accessible path leading to the elevator?
• Are all levels generally used by the public accessible?
• Add a ramp or a platform lift if stairs exist.
• Are the minimum internal dimensions of a residential elevator cab no less than 1.00 m x 1.30 m. (0.95 m x 1.25 m)? • Enlarge the elevator dimensions.
• Install a new cab.
• Is the clear door opening no less than 0.80 m (0.75 m)? • Enlarge the door opening.
• Install new doors.
• Is the elevator cab provided with handrails on three sides? • Install handrails.
• Are the handrails mounted at a height between 0.80 m and 0.85 m? • Modify height of handrails.
• Is the maximum tolerance for stop precision 20 mm? • Adjust the stop precision.
• Is the control panel mounted at a height between 0.90 m and 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? • Modify the height of control panels.
• Are control buttons large and provided with embossed numerals? • Change control panel.
• Install tactile or Braille numerals next to buttons.
• Are lobby call buttons placed at a height between 0.90 m and 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? • Adjust the position of call buttons.
• Is the elevator provided with audible and visual warning signals indicating arrival at a floor? • Add bells and flashing light signals.
• Is the finish of the elevator cab non skid-resistant? • Change finish.
• Is the elevator door easy to identify? • Change the colour of the elevator door frame.
• Is the emergency intercom usable without voice communication? • Replace the communication system.
• Are there tactile or Braille instructions for the communication system? • Add simple tactile instructions.
• Is the door opening/closing interval long enough? • Install devices to delay the motion of the door.
• Is there a sign on the jamb of the elevator door identifying the floor number in raised or Braille letters? • Install tactile signs at an approximate height of 1.40 m from the floor to identify the floor number.

10. Platform lifts

Question
Possible solutions
• Can the lift be used without assistance? • Post clear instructions for use of the lift at each stopping level.
• Provide a call button.
• When vertical movement platform lifts are installed, is the maximum level change 2.50 m? • Replace the special platform lift with an elevator.
• Is the lift placed within a closed structure for level changes of 1.20 m or more? • Place the lift within an enclosed structure.
• Where inclined movement platform lifts are installed, is the minimum width of the stairs 0.90 m? • Widen the stairs.
• Is the minimum lift size 0.90 m x 1.20 m? • Replace the lift.
• Are controls placed at a height not exceeding 1.20 m (1.40 m)? • Lower the controls.

11. Stairs

Question
Possible solutions
• Is the minimum width of the stairs 0.90 m? • Widen the stairs.
• Is an intermediate handrail installed for stairs 3.00 m wide or more? • Install an intermediate handrail, where necessary.
• Is there an intermediate landing with a length no less than 1.20 m, when the stairs cover a difference in level of more than 2.50 m? • Remodel the stairs.
• Is the landing length at the top and at bottom of the stairs no less than 1.20 m? • Enlarge the landing space.
• Do stairs have flush or rounded nosing? • Remodel nosing.
• Add slip-resistant strips to nosing.
• Do treads have a non-slip surface? • Change finish material.
• Is the location of the stairs clearly identifiable? • Construct coloured tactile marking strips at least 0.60 m wide, at the top and bottom of the stairs and intermediate landings of each stairs.
• Identify emergency stairs with signage.

12. Railings and handrails

Question
Possible solutions
• Are safety guards or railings installed around all hazardous areas and raised platforms more than 0.40 m high? • Install safety guards or railings.
• Is the spacing between the vertical and horizontal elements of railing around dangerous areas narrow? • Are handrails mounted at a height between 0.85 m and 0.90 m? • Change railings.
• Are handrails easy to grip? • Change handrails.
• Are railings securely attached? • Reinforce the fixtures.
• Do handrails extend horizontally between 0.30 m and 0.45 m at the top and bottom of every staircase or ramp? • Add or replace railings.
• Are handrails continuous throughout the full length of ramps and stairs?
• Are handrails continuous throughout the landing of ramps and stairs except when interrupted by doorways?
• Continue or replace handrails.
• Are low positioned windows at landings protected by railings? • Install railings.
• Is the space between the handrail and the wall no less than 40 mm for smooth walls, and 60 mm for rough textured walls?
• For fully recessed handrails, is the distance between the top of the rail and the top of the recess no less than 0.15 m?
• Adjust the location of the handrail.
• Are handrails easy to identify? • Paint the handrail in a contrasting colour.
• Provide a tactile strip indication for emergency stairs.

13. Entrances

Question
Possible solutions
• Are the primary entrances to buildings accessible? • Redesign the entrance so that it will be accessible.
• Is the approach to the entrance free of stairs and steps? • Construct a ramp.
• In multi-storey buildings, does the accessible entrance permit access to a conveniently located elevator? • Provide an accessible route.
• Is the accessible entrance clearly identifiable? • Add the international symbol of accessibility.
• Paint the entrance door with a colour that will contrast with the surrounding surface.
• Are the entrance landing dimensions sufficient? • Enlarge the landing area.
• Is the landing surface level and non-slippery? • Add a slip-resistant finish.
• Can entrance doors operate independently? • Install a lighter door.
• Change the door opening mechanism.
• Is the clear door width at least 0.90 m? • Enlarge the door opening.
• Install automatic sliding doors.
• Use swing clear hinge doors.

14. Vestibules

Question
Possible solutions
• Is there enough space to maneuver between two sets of doors? • Enlarge the vestibule space.
• Install automatic sliding doors. n Install double-swinging doors.
• Remove the inside or second set of doors.
• Change the direction of the swing of the door.

15. Doors

Question
Possible solutions
• Can doors be opened without much effort? • Install lighter doors.
• Install power-assisted door openers.
• Do automatic doors have a sufficiently long opening interval? • Adjust the opening interval.
• Are push-buttons for automatic doors located at a maximum height of 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? • Lower the height of buttons.
• Is there sufficient space beside the latch side of the door? • Move the door.
• Move or remove obstructing partitioning.
• Are accessible doors placed adjacent to revolving doors and turnstiles? • Install adjacent sliding or pivoting doors.
• Are glazed doors marked with a coloured band at eye level? • Add a coloured band.
• Is the clear width of straight access interior doors at least 0.75 m?
• Is the minimum clear width of interior doors at least 0.80 m?
• For double leaf doors, is the width of one of the leaves at least 0.80 m?
• Enlarge door opening.
• Install offset or swing clear hinges.
• Do door handles have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand? • Install lever-type handles easy to operate with a closed fist.
• Install power-assisted door openers.
• Do bathrooms doors and doors fitted with spring closers have an extra pull handle? • Install an extra pull handle.
• Is manual door hardware (handles, locks, pulls, etc.) located no higher than 1.20 m (not exceeding 1.40 m)? • Adjust the height of the door hardware.
• Are door mats flush with the floor surface and secured to the floor at all edges? • Replace or remove mats.
• Secure mats at edges.
• Is the threshold no more than 20 mm high and beveled? • Remove high thresholds.
• Bevel both sides.

16. Corridors

Question
Possible solutions
• Is the minimum unobstructed width of low traffic corridors no less than 0.90 m?
• Is the unobstructed width of a public corridor no less than 1.50 m?
• Widen the corridor.
• Locate passing areas at frequent intervals.
• Does the corridor width allow maneuvring through doors located along its length? • Change the direction of the door swing.
• Widen the corridor.
• Remove door if possible.
• Are differences in level bridged by ramps or lifts? • Install a lift.
• Construct a ramp.

17. Rest rooms

Question
Possible solutions
Public rest rooms
• Is there at least one unisex rest room accessible to a wheelchair user?

• Reconfigure rest rooms.
• Combine two water-closet stalls to create one unisex accessible rest room.
• Widen toilet stalls by moving one of the side partitions and/or installing outward-swinging door.
• Is the accessible rest room identified by a sign? • Place the international symbol of accessibility.
Residential rest rooms
• Is there sufficient space inside the rest room to maneuver a wheelchair?

• Enlarge rest room space.
• Is there at least one accessible shower and/or bath-tub? • Reconfigure shower stalls.
• Enlarge rest room.
• Use the tiled floor area inside the rest room as a shower space.
Fixtures
• Are water-closets and bidets mounted at a height between 0.45 m and 0.50 m?

• Adjust the height of wall mounted fixtures.
• Replace low floor mounted fixtures.
• Is the distance between the toilet seat and the closest adjacent wall fitted with a grab bar between 0.45 and 0.50 m? • Adjust the location of fixtures.
• Install floor-mounted grab bars.
• Is the accessible wash-basin mounted at a height between 0.80 m and 0.85 m? • Adjust the height of wall-mounted fixtures.
• Replace floor-mounted fixtures.
• Are the accessible shower and the bath-tub provided with folding seats ? • Install a shower seat at a height between 0.45 m and 0.50 m.
• Adjust the height of seats.
• Is the floor of the tub slip-resistant? • Change the finish material.
• Install a slip-resistant rubber mat.
• Does the shower tub have a beveled threshold not exceeding 13 mm above the finished floor?
• Is the shower tub floor no lower than 20 m below the surrounding floor area?
• Modify the shower tub.
• Are grab bars installed in water closets, bath tubs and showers at a height between 0.85 m and 0.95 m?
• Do grab bars have a diameter between 30 mm and 40 mm?
• Do wall mounted grab bars have a clearance between 35 mm and 40 mm?
• Install grab bars.
• Adjust mounting height.
• Are grab bars non slip? • Replace grab bars.
• Add a knurled slip-resistant surface.
• Can grab bars withstand loads? • Reinforce walls on which grab bars are installed.
Faucets
• Are faucets easy to grip and operate with one hand?
• Replace faucets with single lever or push-button type.
• Are telephone like shower fixtures with at least 1.50 m long hoses used in showers and bath tubs? • Replace hose.
Pipes
• Are hot water pipes insulated or covered?

• Insulate or cover hot water pipes.
Accessories and controls
• Is the lower edge of mirrors positioned at a height not exceeding 1.00 m?

• Lower or tilt high mirrors.
• Install another mirror on another wall.
• Is the rest room equipped with an alarm system? • Install an alarm that can be set off by a push-button located at a maximum height of 1.20 m.
• Are flushing arrangements, dispensers and toilet paper mounted between 0.50 m and 1.20 m? • Adjust the height of too high and too low fixtures.
• Are flushing mechanisms easy to operate? • Change the flushing mechanism.
Flooring
• Is the flooring material skid-proof, well drained and waterproofed?

• Change flooring material.
Doors
• Is the door opening at least 0.75 m?

• Enlarge the door opening.
• Remove doors if privacy is not diminished.
• Can doors be lockable from inside and releasable from outside under emergency situations? • Adjust door lock mechanism.
• Do pivoted doors open outward? • Change the direction of the swing of the door.

 

 

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